is no longer neutral. Ever since the beginning of this conflict, Turkey has maintained a so-called neutrality. During this time, however, she has sold her minerals to the Germans and at the same time manifested certain leanings toward the Allies. Had she joined with the Axis she would have aided Germany greatly in invading and conquering the Middle East and Africa. Had she joined the Allies earlier she would have been of great value to them because of her strategic location and with her modernly equipped army of one million.
Turkey’s neutrality has come to an end. She has gone thru two stages in so doing: one of giving assistance to the Allies and the other of actually declaring war upon the Axis.
Some time back, Turkey began to assist the Allies by giving permission to send war materials to Russia via the Dardanelles. As map reading will show, the Dardanelles, Sea of Marmara and the Bosphorus connect the Black Sea with the Mediterranean. This waterway is 175 miles in length. The tiny part of Turkey in Europe is separated from the Turkey in Asia by this strategic waterway. Up until this time the Turks had closed these straits to both Germans and Allies. Now since the Germans are out of the Black Sea area and the Russians are in control, the permission to use this route greatly cuts distance and time in bringing supplies to the Russians. This route is at least 3000 miles shorter than the one previously used by the Allies.
Turkey has followed this assistance to the Allies with the actual declaration of war upon the Axis. Turkey evidently thinks this a wise move seeing that victory appears near for the Allies. This action will also give her permission to have a voice in the United Nations’ planning of peace and the post-war world. One can see that Turkey had that in mind when she came thru with this assistance and declaration. She is thinking of her own future. Yet, it is clear, too, her future is tied up with Russia since Russia will emerge as a strong power on the European continent. Russia has long been looking for an outlet to the Mediterranean Sea. The question of Russia using this strategic waterway remains a problem yet to be solved between Russia and Turkey.
The Pacific War
has been in the headlines of late. The tough battle on Iwo, with casualties running around 6000, has raised the question of the method used. The conflict on this isle has been characterized as “worst of the worst,” and the loss has been “greater than that of Tarawa.” The first quotation may be true; but in comparing the loss with that of the Tarawa conflict, we must remember that a far greater number of Marines are being used in this battle.
As one looks at the map of the Pacific, he is at once impressed with the greatness of the area—with its thousands of islands. The grouping of these islands has been familiarized by publicity: Netherland Indies, Carolinas, Mariannas, Philippines, etc. One must conclude too that the Japs held a great area, nearly all with the exception of Australia.
Now it goes altogether without saying that it is impossible to gain control of every island in that area. Instead the United States has followed the method of gaining control of strategic islands and passing by the others. This plan was followed to get nearer to Tokyo and at the same time to cut the supply line of the Japs to the other islands. This plan of island hopping has worked; the U. S. has been able to cut the supply lines and now on Iwo we are at the door of Tokyo.
The question arises: what or where next? Invasion of the Asiatic continent at China and cut that land’s supply route too? Remember the Jap’s land strength is great in China. Probably French Indo China would be the place to invade? Then we must not forget the island of Formosa. It has been said that Formosa must be had. Is that next?
Recent events bring out the possibility of invading the Japanese island of Honshu direct. This is based on the fact that our naval power is so strong that it can lead us into Japan proper.
is the goal! On the West, Marshal Runstedt’s counter offensive is history. The Allies now have the initiative and are on the move. The first and ninth armies have started the offensive toward the Rhine and it is believed “that the fate of the Germans will be decided in this battle.”
On the other hand, the decision of the conflict may be made in the moving in advance 10 to 20 miles a day along a front from Budapest on the south to the Baltic on the north. Posen, third largest city in Poland, has been taken.
But—Berlin will fight to the end! The cost of lives will be undoubtedly great! If the casualties come in as they do now, the million mark will be reached within two months!