Trees of the Bible (4): Fig Tree

The fig tree is the third tree mentioned by name in the Bible, after the Tree of Life and the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. Adam and Eve used the leaves of the fig tree to try to make aprons for themselves to cover themselves after the Fall.
Fig trees are mentioned as part of the prosperity of the Promised Land (Deut. 8:8). In Judges, one of the judges uses the fig tree as part of a parable where the trees go to the olive tree, fig tree, and grapevine to make them king over all the trees. The olive tree, fig tree, and vine all refuse since they have already been given the duty by God to provide fruit and will not leave that duty even for the power to reign over the others (Judges 9).
As having fruitful fig trees was a sign of prosperity since the people would have food, destroying the fig trees is mentioned often as part of God’s wrath (Joel 1:12, Amos 4:9). It was a fig tree that Jesus cursed in Matthew 21.
Fig trees take at least two years to mature before they begin to bear fruit, but some trees can take up to six years before they bear fruit. In Luke 13:3–9, Jesus told a parable about a vine-keeper who waited three years for a fig tree to bear fruit and decided to wait another year before cutting the tree down. In the New Testament, the fig tree’s coming fruit was a sign of repentance and the coming of the kingdom of heaven (Luke 21:29, Mark 13:28).
As children of God, we are to be like the fig tree, bringing forth fruit. God gives us life, and when we have God’s life in us, it flows through us so that we bear fruit like fruitful fig trees.