In the first place in this article, I must apologize for being late in answering some of your questions. I believe I have all things sorted out, so that you should be receiving a steady stream of answers to your questions from not on. I have about five or six questions waiting for answers now, and I would encourage you to continue to send in your questions, to be answered on these pages.
The question for this Question Box is the following: “Was Mary also of the lineage of David, and was she and Joseph related, or was she of David’s line only through her marriage to Joseph? And if Mary was of David’s line, was she the only one left so Christ was born to her, or was she just the one out of many that God picked to bear the Christ?”
In answering these questions, let us turn directly to the Scripture, and answer in as far as the Scripture speaks to them. In Romans 1:3 we read the following: “concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh.” It is evident here that by Jesus’ birth, He was of the line of David through His mother, Mary. For of Joseph He assumed nothing of the flesh, but through Mary alone. This is confirmed by the apostle in II Timothy 3:8: “Remember that Jesus Christ of the seed of David was raised from the dead according to my gospel.” The account of the birth of Christ makes it clear this took place before Mary and Joseph were married, and the power of the Holy Ghost came upon the virgin and she conceived!
Hence we conclude, that indeed Mary was of the line of David. Further, it is evident from the simple reading of the Scripture that Joseph was also of the line of David. One cannot without changing the Scripture itself read the genealogy of Matthew 1 in any other way than it being the genealogy of Joseph, Jesus’ legal father. For there we read without qualification, “And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus.” Besides we know that Joseph was required to go to Bethlehem for the taxing. As the head of the house this would be necessary only if Joseph, himself, was of the line of David. Thus, indeed, we would say that in their generations Joseph and Mary were related.
A study of the genealogies of Matthew and Luke 3 are interesting and I believe would add support to these conclusions, however, this is not the place for such a discussion.
As to the next question concerning the point of Mary’s being the only one left of David’s line to bear the Christ, we answer: that we know that Elizabeth was related to Mary and there may have been others. However, it is not important that we know this for the Scripture does not concern itself with this point. But the Bible does indicate that she was the last virgin in the line of David, in that the Scripture is fulfilled in the birth of Christ, that Christ is a root out of dry ground. We do know that Mary was chosen from eternity to bear the Christ. And this as a virgin she would conceive and bring forth the Christ. This is a wonder of wonders, that which is impossible for man is the exact place where God reveals His grace to His people. He assumes our flesh and blood in the virgin Mary to save us from our sin and iniquity. He, who is very God and very man, is born in the line of David, the fulfillment of God’s covenant promise, Jesus Christ, our Lord and Savior. Praise God.