ELECTION time is here. Either Roosevelt or Dewey will be elected to become our President for the next four years. There has been one previous wartime election, in 1864, when Lincoln was re-elected. The present election is dull, speeches are few, excitement and enthusiasm lacking. The outstanding issues up to date have been the question of how to establish permanent peace and problem of providing jobs for all. These are basic and important. It is interesting to pick up others.
- Roosevelt indispensible? In this Democracy of 135 million must we admit a one-man only? Surely he has experience, will have more after another term, still more after another! Did he not receive his first experience as Governor of New York, the position that Dewey now holds?
- As Commander-in-chief, did he appoint the right men? Remember the Pearl Harbor affair?
- Roosevelt’s administration is tired and old. He is a weak administrator, his officials quarrel, and government agencies are inefficient. Can these negotiate peace in world organizations? Are any plans ready at the right time? Are Reconversion plans ready? Of course not! Were they ready at the outbreak of this present conflict? We were caught with an army of 75,000.
- Can Roosevelt provide jobs for men after the war? He tried in 1933 and 1940 and yet we had 8 million unemployed. Roosevelt plans to keep men in the armed forces to help the post-war unemployment problem. What we need is “real” jobs and Republicans can and will produce job producing industries.
- What has the New Deal done for Labor? Caused strikes and disputes. This resulted in agencies which only made things worse. What we need is a secretary of Labor from the ranks of labor and a Board that will direct and regulate efficiently and without delay. Roosevelt has shown favoritism to labor groups, so if he wins this election he will owe it to the P.A.C. of the C.I.O. and will continue to be unfriendly to American Business.
- The Administration is in the Driver’s seat during this war and must complete the trip because it knows the road. Roosevelt has the experience and can finish the job.
- As Commander-in-chief, Roosevelt has done well. War is being conducted with skill and success and the credit should go to the Chief. We are winning the war!
- Roosevelt has always been a man of action. England and Russia received aid and efficiently too, saving them from defeat. Consider the home front that was organized and which produced, amazing the world. Much more could have been done in the preparedness program had not the Republicans voted against every measure.
- Roosevelt took care of 15 million unemployed by putting them to work in sewage projects, dams, bridges, roads, etc. Of course the wages were low, but we came thru! Were the people satisfied with this? The answer is in the results of the 1936 and 1940 elections.
- Labor has a right to organize. Roosevelt has always considered the worker who works long hours. There were strikes, but the miracles of production were still achieved! Dewey wishes to replace F. Perkins with a man from the ranks of labor. Will he be chosen from the ranks of C.I.O.—A.F.L.—or United Mine Workers? This certainly will lead to labor trouble.
ELECTORALLY elected are the President and Vice-President of the U.S. When people go to the polls to vote, many are under the impression they are voting directly for the President and Vice-President. This is not true. They are elected by the Electoral College, a group of Electors from each state. On November 7, the people vote for these Electors, men and women, who in December go to the state capitol to cast their ballots for the President and Vice-President, a separate ballot for each. These ballots are sent to the President of the U.S. Senate and on January 6, the votes are counted in the presence of both houses of Congress, and results announced. The President and Vice-President are really elected on January 6. We have 531 Electors in the U. S. A candidate must have a majority of 266 Electoral votes to be elected. Lacking this majority, the election of the President is thrown in the House of Representatives and election of the Vice-President into the Senate.
Michigan has19 Electors, the total being equal to its number of Senators and Representatives in Congress, New York has 45, Iowa has 10, Nevada has 3, etc. Before the election each party nominates the required Electors for each state. Michigan would have 19 Republican Electors and 19 Democratic Electors. The candidate receiving the majority of the popular vote will receive the 19 electoral votes. The Electors carry out the will of the people as expressed in the popular election. However, there is no law that binds them to this. That is the present trouble in Texas where the Electors claim they will not carry out the will of the people in case Roosevelt receives the majority. This will wreck the Electoral College to be sure.
The small states of our Union favor the plan of the College. A popular election would give the populous states like New York and 5 others the control of the election. Now the small states have greater presidential voting power. Nevada with 3 Electoral votes out of a total of 531 has more influence than it would have if only the popular vote counted. Half a dozen of small Western States, whose combined population is less than New York, together have more electoral votes than New York.
Many believe we should do away with this indirect setup. We also think this is desirable. It would do away with a lot of red tape and avoid such trouble as Texas may have. Wouldn’t it be far simpler to let each state keep the apportioned total of electoral votes and do away with Electors? Then the voters would cast directly for the candidate of their choice. Another plan could be to distribute the electoral vote on a percentage basis. If one party would receive 60 percent of the state’s popular vote, give him that percentage in Electoral votes and give the other party the remaining 40 percent of Electoral count. This would balance the electoral with the popular vote.