The book of Acts: Paul’s Third Missionary Journey
II. From Ephesus to Macedonia and Greece, 19:21 – 20:6.
A. Paul plans to leave Ephesus, 19:21, 22.
1. What is meant by “purposed in the spirit”?
2. Where did Paul purpose to go from Ephesus?
a. Why did he want to go to Macedonia and Achaia?
1) Which congregation especially did Paul want to visit?
2) Why did this church have need of a visit from Paul?
3) Compare Acts 19:21, I Cor. 1:11, I Cor. 16:17.
d. Which men did Paul send ahead?
1) Who is Timothy?
2) Is anything known of Erastus? Is this the Erastus of Romans 16:23?
3) What was the purpose of sending these co-workers ahead?
4) Which of Paul’s epistles was written from Ephesus about this time?
3. Why did Paul want to go to Jerusalem before going to Rome? Cf. also I Cor. 16:1 ff., II Cor. 8:1, ff., Rom. 15:25, ff., and Acts 24:17.
4. Where did Paul want to go after visiting Jerusalem?
a. Did he purpose to do mission work at Rome?
b. Would this have been in harmony with his policy?
1) Was there already a church at Rome?
2) Did Paul ever labor where others had already labored and organized congregations?
3) What then was his purpose? Was Rome his final goal, or did he plan to go farther? Rom. 15:24, 28.
4) What is the goal of Paul’s labors as far as Luke’s history is concerned? Acts 28.
c. Did Paul know at this time how he would finally reach Rome?
C. The Riot at Ephesus, 19:23-41.
1. When did this riot take place? Did it have any effect upon the time of Paul’s departure from Ephesus? 19:23, 20:1.
a. What is meant by “that way”?
b. Was the stir about “that way” or about “Diana”?
2. The speech of Demetrius, 19:24-27.
a. Who was the “Diana” mentioned here?
1) What can you say as to the nature of her worship, her supposed origin, her temple at Ephesus?
2) When was her special festival? Is it possible that this riot broke out at the time of, or shortly before, this festival?
b. Who was Demetrius? Why were the silversmiths concerned with the worship of Diana?
c. What was the motivation used by Demetrius in his speech?
1) Which of these two motives, the religious devotion and the economic interest, do you suppose was the chief?
2) Is there any relation between covetousness and idolatry?
d. Whom does Demetrius blame for the slump in the image sales?
1) Why does he attribute this to Paul? vs. 26
2) Does this give any dependable indication of the progress of the gospel in this area? Were there so many turned away from idolatry that the business of these silversmiths was substantially cut?
e. Does Demetrius suggest any plan for these silversmiths to follow? If not, does his speech have its calculated effect?
3. The Riot, 19:28-34.
a. Its beginning:
1) How was this demonstration started?
2) What was the effect upon the populace of the city of the silversmiths’ shouting?
3) Where did they go? What was this theater? How large?
4) On whom did they lay hands on their way to the theater and drag along? Who were these two men? Why did they take them?
b. What did Paul want to do? Why?
1) Who prevented Paul from facing this riotous assembly?
2) Was it proper for the disciples to do this?
3) Who else urged Paul to stay away from the theater? Were these men disciples too? What was the position of these men? What is meant by “which were his friends”?
c. What went on in the theater?
1) What characterized the multitude?
2) Whom did they draw out of the multitude? Why?
3) Why did the Jews put him forward? What was Alexander going to do?
4) What was the effect of Alexander’s attempt to speak?
4. The town-clerk’s action, 19:35-41.
a. Who was this man? What was his position? Why was he so concerned about this riot?
b. How did he succeed in quieting the fears about Diana’s future? Was he correct in his estimation as recorded in vss. 35 and 36? Was Diana’s worship in real danger or not?
c. What is his attitude toward the men dragged to the theater by the mob? Was this true? Was there a kind of religious liberty at Ephesus?
d. What was his advice to Demetrius and the craftsmen? Which two courses of action were open to them legally?
e. What danger threatened, according to the town-clerk?
f. Did he succeed in ending the riot?
C. The Visit to Macedonia and Greece, 20:1-6. Cf. II Cor. 2:13, 7:5, 6, 8:18, Rom. 15:19, 23.
1. Where did Paul first go from Ephesus?
a. Whom did he expect to meet there?
b. What was the effect when Paul did not meet Titus? Why?
2. Where did he go from Troas?
a. What report did Titus bring him in Macedonia?
b. Which letter was written from Macedonia, and by whom was it delivered?
c. Where did Paul labor in the meantime? How far did his labors extend at this time?
3. How long a time did Paul spend at Corinth? What did he do there?
4. What other important work did Paul accomplish on this visit to Macedonia and Achaia on behalf of the church at Jerusalem?
5. Which epistle did Paul write from Corinth at this time?
6. By what route did Paul start back for Jerusalem?
a. What was his original intention? Why did he change his route?
b. Who accompanied Paul on his journey to Asia? Why did these men go along? Why is no mention made of men from Corinth? Who very likely represented Corinth? Why is Titus not mentioned in this narrative in Acts while he played so large a part in it?
c. When did they leave Philippi?
1) Did Paul and other Christians still observe the days of unleavened bread?
2) Can the time of Paul’s departure from Philippi be dated from this feast?
3) How long did it take to reach Troas by ship?
III. The Journey to Jerusalem, 20:7 – 21:16.
A. At Troas: 20:7-12
1. How long did Paul stay at Troas?
2. When did he leave Troas?
3. What happened at the gathering on the first day of the week?
a. What does this mention of the first day of the week show us?
b. Was there a special reason why Paul preached until midnight?
c. Why did the church gather in the evening probably?
d. What happened while Paul was preaching?
1) Where was Eutychus sitting? Why?
2) Why are the many lights mentioned? Do they have anything to do with Eutychus falling asleep?
3) Was Paul also to blame for preaching too long?
e. What miracle did Paul perform?
1) Why did Paul “fall on him and embrace him”?
2) What is the meaning of “his life is in him’?
f. What did Paul and the Christians at Troas do afterwards? What does this show concerning the church here?
g. Why is Eutychus’ restoration mentioned once more in vs. 12?